ARTICLE : MEXIQUE/GUATEMALA : « Indigenous Language Usage And Maintenance Patterns Among Indigenous People In The Era Of Neoliberal Multiculturalism In Mexico And Guatemala »

Hirotoshi Yoshioka, 2010, Indigenous Language Usage And Maintenance Patterns Among Indigenous People In The Era Of Neoliberal Multiculturalism In Mexico And Guatemala, Latin American Research Review; 45(3): 5 – 34

Résumé / Abstract :

In both Mexico and Guatemala, indigenous languages are at risk of extinction. Because languages influence people’s ways of thinking and help them identify with particular ethnic groups, indigenous language loss can result in severe problems that extend well beyond the demise of these languages. Although current multi cultural reforms offer indigenous people unprecedented opportunities, these seemingly positive changes may actually threaten indigenous languages and cultures. Using the latest demographic census data, I present how socioeconomic, demographic, and community factors negatively correlate with indigenous language usage. I contend that indigenous language maintenance will become more difficult because neoliberal multi-culturalism endorses indigenous cultural rights without putting forth other necessary changes. Establishing effective language preservation strategies requires us to recognize dangers hidden in the current multicultural agenda, to rigorously ask how we can destigmatize negative images attached to indigenous cultures, and to combat centuries-long oppression and discrimination against indigenous groups.

Source : http://muse.jhu.edu

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