Ce rapport publié par Amnesty International le 5 août 2011 s’intitule « Sacrificing rights in the name of development : Indigenous peoples under threat in the Americas ».
Extraits de la présentation du rapport (Eng) :
«The false and dangerous dichotomy of “development vs. Indigenous peoples’ rights” is widespread in the continent. It is based on the flawed argument that extractive or other development projects that serve national interests by increasing national wealth and generating jobs cannot be “obstructed” by Indigenous peoples who are “just” a fraction of society. Thus, when Indigenous communities organize themselves to demand respect for their rights, the state and other actors accuse them of blocking the growth of the entire country. This response has had devastating consequences for the human rights of Indigenous peoples in the region. As the cases that Amnesty International has documented in the region show, frequently laws are passed and development projects are carried out without respecting the right of Indigenous peoples to be consulted and to give their free, prior and informed consent. These cases are the tip of the iceberg of a regional trend. Human rights violations, social conflict and sometimes violent clashes between Indigenous peoples and security forces could have been avoided if states had followed their obligation to hold consultations prior to going ahead with development projects. » (….)
« Amnesty International calls upon leaders in the region to take decisive and urgent action to fulfil their obligations to defend and protect Indigenous peoples’ rights. In particular, governments should, in collaboration with Indigenous peoples:
- Enact legislation to fulfil the right to consultation and free, prior and informed consent in line with international and Inter-American human rights system standards.
- Abstain from granting concessions, authorizing exploration and exploitation activities or carrying out any other development projects that can affect Indigenous peoples without proper consultation, according to international and inter-American standards.
- Take urgent action to resolve land disputes and abstain from evicting indigenous peoples until those claims are resolved.
- Create and preserve the conditions for Indigenous leaders and community members to peacefully defend their rights without fear of reprisals, especially by avoiding the improper use of the criminal justice system to discourage their work as human rights defenders.
- Take due diligence measures to protect Indigenous women from violence, as well as prosecute and punish those responsible for these abuses.
- Take measures to fully implement the rights enshrined in the United Nations Declarations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. »Source : Amnesty International