Autour du 5ème anniversaire de la déclaration des Nations Unies sur les droits des peuples autochtones, le site Assembly of First Nations au Canada propose un séminaire en ligne (Webinar) intitulé « UN Declaration : legal Effects and Free, Prior and Informed Consent » « qui peut être visionné en anglais sur leur site www.afn.ca
A lire également un état des lieux de la mise en œuvre de la DDPA intitulé «5 years : UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples » (texte en anglais) par Suzanne Benally, Directrice exécutive de Cultural survival :
« Today marks five years since the United Nations General Assembly adopted the UNDeclaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).
In a historic vote on September 13, 2007, 144 countries voted for the Declaration. It is the outcome of 25 years of hard negotiations. The rights spelled out in the document « constitute the minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of the Indigenous Peoples of the world. » The Declaration protects collective rights and individual rights of Indigenous Peoples in relation to self-government, land, education, employment, health and other areas.
Many ask what has changed for Indigenous people since that time. While an implementation gap remains, several countries have made steps towards in aligning their policies with the standards enshrined in the Declaration. Governments of Peru, Guatemala, Suriname, Burundi and Rwanda have or are in the process of developing consultation protocols. In its new constitution in 2011, Morocco, officially recognized the Amazigh identity and language. In the Republic of Congo, a law on the promotion and protection of the rights of Indigenous Peoples was the result of a participatory process with Indigenous communities.
The Declaration continues to be an important standard in legal claims. In July 2012, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that the Ecuadorian government had violated the rights of the Kichwa community of Sarayaku to communal property and cultural identity by granting permission for an energy project without consulting community members ». Lire la suite
Source : Cultural Survival