Le 10 septembre 2012 un séminaire sur les industries extractives et les peuples autochtones avait été organisé par le ministère des Affaires étrangères de la Norvège et le Working group on Indigenous Peoples in the Barents Euro-Arctic Council, en collaboration avec le Centre for Sami Studies de l’Université de Tromsø (Voir la présentation du séminaire). Le rapport de ce séminaire est maintenant disponible en libre accès.
Pour télécharger le rapport cliquer ici
This report presents the talks of the speakers and a summary of the discussions conducted at the seminar on extractive industries and indigenous peoples, arranged in Tromsø, Norway on September 10, 2012.
The seminar was arranged in conjunction with the on-going Norwegian chairmanship of the Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC) 2011-2013. As chair of the BEAC, Norway regards it as important to organize an informed debate on the relationship between extractive industries and the concerns and rights of indigenous peoples (cf. opening address by Deputy Minister Larsen). The increased extraction of minerals, while providing new opportunities for people living in the Barents region, poses a pressing challenge to indigenous peoples’ traditional way of life and their sustainable use of natural resources, as well as their right to participate in the benefits of such activities. As pointed out by the three Norwegian Deputy Ministers Torgeir Larsen, Tone Toften and Jeanette Iren Moen, Norway considers it, in order to address this common challenge in a timely and orderly manner, essential to promote close consultation and open debate between governments, indigenous peoples and the extractive industries. The chair of the BEAC Working Group of Indigenous peoples Lars-Anders Baer expressed a hope that the governments of Finland, Sweden and Russia will follow the Norwegian example and enter into a dialogue with the indigenous peoples in matters related to extractive industries.
The topicality of these issues are revealed in the currently increased industrial activities pertaining to reopening of older mines as well as expectations for large undiscovered mineral reserves. In the Norwegian Northern Strategy geophysical measuring is a target area, and Geology for Society estimates that there are large undiscovered mineral reserves valued to 2000 billion NOK in the northern part of Norway (GeoNor 2010: 4). Lire la suite
Table of Contents
SESSION I: OPENING ADDRESS
Torgeir Larsen, Deputy Minister Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Egil Olli, President of the Sami Parliament, Norway
Elisabeth Gammelsæter, the Norwegian Mining and Quarrying Industries, Norway
Lars-Anders Baer, Chairman of the Barents Council Working Group of Indigenous peoples WGIP.
SESSION II: INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK AND STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO RESOURCE EXTRACTION ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’
James Anaya, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Alexandra Guaqueta, Member of the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights
SESSION III: GOVERNMENT REGULATION/FRAMEWORK FOR INTERACTION BETWEEN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND THE INDUSTRY
Mark Taylor, Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies
Tone Toften, Deputy Minister Norwegian Ministry of Government Administration, Reform and Church Affairs
Per Wallén, Swedish Foreign Ministry
Jeanette Iren Moen, Deputy Minister Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry
Summary of Q&A session
SESSION IV: INDUSTRY – INDIGENOUS PEOPLES INTERACTION
Courtney Fidler, University of Saskatchewan
Courtney Fidler presentation slides:
Experiences from Sweden
Presentation from Christina Lundmark, SweMin
Presentation from Niila Inga, Reindeer herder, Laevas sameby
Case from Norway.
Presentation from Øystein Rushfeldt, CEO Nussir
Presentation from Ragnhild Marit Sara, Reindeer herding district 22- Fiettar
Summary of Q&A Session
PLENARY DISCUSSION: THE WAY FORWARD. ARE SUSTAINABLE PARTNERSHIPS POSSIBLE? 90 CONCLUDING REMARKS.98 APPENDIX – PROGRAM