Cet article intitulé « Gas company: Amazon tribes vulnerable to ‘massive deaths‘ » de David Hill, publié en anglais sur le site Ecologist.com, revient sur les menaces qui pèsent sur des populations autochtones de l’Amazonie péruvienne en raison de l’exploitation gazière.
Amazon tribes in Peru’s rainforest are at risk of ‘massive deaths’ from new diseases to which they lack immunity, gas company Pluspetrol admits – as it tries to expand its Camisea gas project into a Reserve for isolated indigenous people.
Pluspetrol also acknowledges that contact between its workers and indigenous peoples in ‘voluntary isolation’ and ‘initial contact’ (IPVIIC) is « probable » during its planned gas exploration and construction operations in the Amazon.
The startling admissions come in Pluspetrol’s Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which is currently pending the approval of Peru’s government.
Almost three quarters of the area of Pluspetrol’s Lot 88 concession lies within the Kugapakori-Nahua-Nanti Territorial Reserve, which was established in 1990 to protect the ‘IPVIIC’ communities
Workers will be encouraged to interact
The company is even planning to tell its workers to interact with the highly vulnerable ‘IPVIIC’ indigenous people, greatly increasing the risk of disease transmission.
Under what claims to be an « Anthropological Contingency Plan », workers should smile and make friendly gestures if contact is established, engage in conversation, offer material objects and hospitality, and take photographs – as long as no flash is used.
Pluspetrol’s EIA – written by the company together with consultancy Environmental Resources Management (ERM) – considers the impacts of the company’s plans to expand the Camisea gas project in Peru’s Cusco region, already the country’s largest energy development.