Publication : « The Native Languages of South America »

The Native Languages of South America. Origins, Development, Typology

O’Connor, Loretta; Muysken, Pieter (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, . 2014, 400 p. ISBN 9781107044289.

[ENG] – In South America indigenous languages are extremely diverse. There are over one hundred language families in this region alone. Contributors from around the world explore the history and structure of these languages, combining insights from archaeology and genetics with innovative linguistic analysis. The book aims to uncover regional patterns and potential deeper genealogical relations between the languages. Based on a large-scale database of features from sixty languages, the book analyses major language families such as Tupian and Arawakan, as well as the Quechua/Aymara complex in the Andes, the Isthmo-Colombian region and the Andean foothills. It explores the effects of historical change in different grammatical systems and fills gaps in the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) database, where South American languages are underrepresented. An important resource for students and researchers interested in linguistics, anthropology and language evolution.

Explores the role of language contact and the importance of social interaction and cultural exchange in language change

Examines the current linguistic diversity through the lens of structural features, using the latest documentation and analyses of these understudied languages

Bases much of the analysis on a large-scale database of hundreds of features from 60 languages

[ESP] – En América del Sur las lenguas indígenas son extremedamente diversas. Hay más de un centenar de familias lingüísticas tan solo en esta región. Colaboradores de todo el mundo exploran la historia y estructura de estas lenguas, combinando miradas desde la arqueología y la genética con el análisis lingüístico innovador. El libro tiene como objetivo descubrir los patrones regionales y las posibles relaciones genealógicas más profundas entre los idiomas. Basado en una base de datos a gran escala de las características de sesenta idiomas, se analizan las principales familias lengüísticas como tupí y arawak, así como el complejo quechua / aymara en los Andes, la región del istmo colombiano y la precordillera andina.

 

Summary / Indice

Introduction: South American indigenous languages – genealogy, typology, contacts
Part I. Introduction to South America
1. Human migrations, dispersals, and contacts in South America
2. Basic vocabulary comparison in South American languages
Part II. Case Studies in Contact
3. Structural features and language contact in the Isthmo-Colombian
4. The Andean foothills and adjacent Amazonian fringe
5. The Andean matrix
6. The Arawakan matrix Love
7. The Tupian expansion Love
Part III. Comparative Perspectives on Linguistic Structures
8. Language internal and external factors in the development of the desiderative in South American indigenous languages
9. Verbal argument marking patterns in South American languages
10. The noun phrase: focus on demonstratives, redrawing the semantic map
11. Subordination strategies in South America: nominalization
Part IV. Major Findings and Conclusions
12. The languages of South America: deep families, areal relationships, and language contact

Plus d’information

source : Redial-Ceisal

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